Archived from the original on Retrieved chreck,. 280 Many scholars hold that a church structure of plural presbyters/bishops persisted in Rome until the mid-2nd century, when the structure of a single bishop and plural presbyters was adopted, 281 and that later writers retrospectively applied the term "bishop of Rome" to the most. Mona Summers - ist ein geiles, blondes GangBang Luder! The last resignation occurred on 28 February 2013, when Pope Benedict XVI retired, citing ill health in his advanced age. The basic election system of the College of Cardinals which Gregory VII helped establish has continued to function into the 21st century. Though the schism was reconciled, unresolved issues would lead to further division. Sie ist bekannt aus so einigen Filmproduktionen! The Byzantine Empire soon lost the lands of the eastern patriarchates of Jerusalem, Alexandria and Antioch and was reduced to that of Constantinople, the empire's capital. In the first quarter of the century (about 220) Tertullian (De Pud.